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Clinical Infectious Diseases 2008 - Vol.47, Num.10 - November 15, 2008

by by / Infectious Diseases Society of America

Table of Contents


In This Issue

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15 November News

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In the Literature

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Articles and Commentaries


International Outbreak of Severe Botulism with Prolonged Toxemia Caused by Commercial Carrot Juice

Anandi N. Sheth, Petra Wiersma, David Atrubin, Vinita Dubey, Donald Zink, Guy Skinner, Fran Doerr, Patricia Juliao, German Gonzalez, Cindy Burnett, Cherie Drenzek, Carrie Shuler, John Austin, Andrea Ellis, Susan Maslanka, and Jeremy Sobel

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UpToDate Topic Review: Botulism


Recent and Rapid Emergence of W-Beijing Strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Cape Town, South Africa

Donna Cowley, Dhirendra Govender, Bradley February, Mary Wolfe, Lafras Steyn, Joanna Evans, Robert J. Wilkinson, and Mark P. Nicol

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Pegylated Interferon-α-2a plus Ribavirin for Treatment-Naive Asian Patients with Hepatitis C Virus Genotype 1 Infection: A Multicenter, Randomized Controlled Trial

Chen-Hua Liu, Chun-Jen Liu, Chih-Lin Lin, Cheng-Chao Liang, Shih-Jer Hsu, Sheng-Shun Yang, Ching-Sheng Hsu, Tai-Chung Tseng, Chia-Chi Wang, Ming-Yang Lai, Jun-Herng Chen, Pei-Jer Chen, Ding-Shinn Chen, and Jia-Horng Kao

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Single-Dose Fluconazole versus Standard 2-Week Therapy for Oropharyngeal Candidiasis in HIV-Infected Patients: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Double-Dummy Trial

Omar J. M. Hamza, Mecky I. N. Matee, Roger J. M. Brüggemann, Mainen J. Moshi, Elison N. M. Simon, Ferdinand Mugusi, Frans H. M. Mikx, Henrich A. L. van der Lee, Paul E. Verweij, and André J. A. M. van der Ven

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UpToDate Topic Review: Treatment of oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis


Differences in Clinical Presentation among Persons with Pulmonary Tuberculosis: A Comparison of Documented and Undocumented Foreign-Born versus US-Born Persons

Jacqueline M. Achkar, Tsering Sherpa, Hillel W. Cohen, and Robert S. Holzman

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Editorial Commentary: No Man Is an Island: Reducing Diagnostic Delays in Undocumented Foreign-Born Persons Is Needed to Decrease the Risk of Tuberculosis Transmission

Kevin P. Cain, William R. Mac Kenzie, Kenneth G. Castro, and Philip A. LoBue

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Contemporary Epidemiology and Prognosis of Health Care–Associated Infective Endocarditis

Nuria Fernández-Hidalgo, Benito Almirante, Pilar Tornos, Carles Pigrau, Antonia Sambola, Albert Igual, and Albert Pahissa

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Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous Polymyxin B in Critically Ill Patients

Alexandre P. Zavascki, Luciano Z. Goldani, Guoying Cao, Silvana V. Superti, Larissa Lutz, Afonso L. Barth, Fabiano Ramos, Márcio M. Boniatti, Roger L. Nation, and Jian Li

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Sustained Hepatitis B e Antigen Seroconversion in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis B after Adefovir Dipivoxil Treatment: Analysis of Precore and Basal Core Promoter Mutants

I-Chin Wu, Mitchell L. Shiffman, Myron J. Tong, Patrick Marcellin, Elsa Mondou, David Frederick, Andrea Snow-Lampart, Jeff Sorbel, Franck Rousseau, and Ting-Tsung Chang

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UpToDate Topic Review: Overview of the management of chronic hepatitis B and case examples


Editorial Commentary: Are Hepatitis B e Antigen (HBeAg)–Positive Chronic Hepatitis B and HBeAg-Negative Chronic Hepatitis B Distinct Diseases?

Mindie H. Nguyen and Emmet B. Keeffe

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Review Article


The Controversial and Short-Lived Early Use of Rehydration Therapy for Cholera

Walter J. Daly and Herbert L. DuPont

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Photo Quiz


Fever and Pancytopenia in a Patient with AIDS: (Answer on pages 1358–9)

Wai-Shan Wong and Kit-Fai Wong,

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Invited Articles


Immunocompromised Hosts: Cryptococcosis in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients: Current State of the Science

Nina Singh, Francoise Dromer, John R. Perfect, and Olivier Lortholary

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UpToDate Topic Review: Cryptococcal pneumonia


Vaccines: Pneumococcal Vaccination of Elderly Adults: New Paradigms for Protection

Lisa A. Jackson and Edward N. Janoff

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Therapeutic Drug Monitoring of Nevirapine in Resource-Limited Settings

Rafaëlla F. A. L'homme, Eva P. Muro, Jacqueline A. H. Droste, Liselotte R. Wolters, Noor W. J. van Ewijk-Beneken Kolmer, Werner Schimana, and David M. Burger

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Hospitalization for Pneumonia among Individuals With and Without HIV Infection, 1995–2007: A Danish Population-Based, Nationwide Cohort Study

Ole S. Sogaard, Nicolai Lohse, Jan Gerstoft, Gitte Kronborg, Lars Ostergaard, Court Pedersen, Gitte Pedersen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, and Niels Obel

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Increased Detectability of Plasma HIV-1 RNA after Introduction of a New Assay and Altered Specimen-Processing Procedures

Peter F. Rebeiro, Asghar Kheshti, Sally S. Bebawy, Samuel E. Stinnette, Husamettin Erdem, Yi-Wei Tang, Timothy R. Sterling, Stephen P. Raffanti, and Richard T. D'Aquila

Abstract-Full Text-PDF Version (279 kB)

UpToDate Topic Review: Techniques and interpretation of HIV-1 RNA quantitation



Less Pessimistic Long-Term Results for Patients with Cytomegalovirus Disease

Anne Scemla, Henri Kreis, and Christophe Legendre

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Reply to Scemla et al.

Supha K. Arthurs and Raymund R. Razonable

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Cerebrovascular Complications of Infective Endocarditis

Jorge Garbino and Juan Ambrosioni

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Reply to Garbino and Ambrosi

Ulrika Snygg-Martin, Rune Andersson, and Lars Olaison

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A Powerful New Severity Score for Community-Acquired Pneumonia But Will Anyone Use It?

James D. Chalmers and Adam T. Hill

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